BACKGROUND: Constrictive pericarditis is a potentially reversible cause of heart failure. The differential diagnosis includes restrictive myocardial disease and severe tricuspid regurgitation.
HYPOTHESIS: Echocardiography is helpful in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis
METHODS: Patients with surgically-confirmed constrictive pericarditis were compared to patients with restrictive myocardial disease or severe tricuspid regurgitation.
RESULTS: Three variables were independently associated with constrictive pericarditis: 1) ventricular septal shift, 2) medial mitral e' ; and 3) hepatic vein expiratory diastolic reversal ratio.
CONCLUSIONS: Echocardiography is helpful in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Mar 14